21. February 2011 14:50
Acanthosis Nigerians is the hyperpigmentation of the skin that turn from brown to black and is poorly defined. It can be noted at the neck, groin, and forehead. Certain groups of individual are at a higher risk of getting absence Acanthosis Nigerians .
· Obese persons
· Individual suffering from endocrine abnormalities
· Those who are in Medication like corticosteriods
· Patients who have undergone kidney transplant.
· Cancerous patient
It affects individual group below the age of 40. It can be hereditary and it associated with certain diseases like Cushing’s disease, acromegaly and hypothyroidism..
Other causes include:
· Chronic hepatitis and taking large dosage of niacin.
- Under production of hormone from adrenal gland.
- Human growth hormones drugs
- Certain medications - such as human growth hormone, oral contraceptives and large doses of niacin - can contribute to the condition.
- Eating fatty food with high cholesterol value.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Acanthosis nigricans affects the following areas: armpits, Groin, neck. The symptoms usually appear gradually and only cause skin changes.
· under the armpits, in the groin, and neck markings and creases are seen
· Dark, chunky, skin
· Occasionally the lips, palms or soles of the feet are precious as well.
· The lacerations of Acanthosis Nigerians emerge as "velvety" thickenings, and they can range in color from gray to brown to black.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENTS
The doctor will take down your medical history and do a physical examination to try to find out any underlying condition. Basing on the laboratory result and clinical symptoms the doctor will be able to map a way forward. In case of obesity, monitoring of the diet will be advised and having a regular physical exercise. Be clear with your doctor of the symptoms you are suffering.