21. February 2011 15:14
An acute coronary syndrome is caused by the blockage of coronary artery resulting into chest pain and heart attack. The blockage can be due to accumulation of the cholesterol in the artery lumen or the constriction of the artery. This will prevent sufficient blood from reaching the heart tissues’. An acute coronary syndrome is classified according to electrocardiogram and content of patient serum. This classification helps the doctor in the diagnosis. Classification include: unstable angina based on the pattern of the chest pain. Non-ST-segment elevation MI identify by carrying out a blood test and ST-segment elevation MI.
When the artery is blocked, insufficient blood is pumped to the heart tissues and muscles. This will cause heart tissue to die which will immediately lead to heart attack. Blockage can be caused by blood clot. The deposition of hard yellow plaque of lipoid material in the layer of the arteries may rupture the arteries. Under any bleeding condition, platelets will respond hence causing a clot that will block the artery.
Other causes include
· Age: Older people from the age of 45 have a high chance of getting Acute coronary syndromes
· Family history of earlier heart disease
· High blood pressure
· High blood cholesterol
· Lack of physical exercise
- Male gender
- High lipid in the blood.
- Inherited metabolic disorders
- When using Methamphetamine.
- Disease of the Connective tissue.
Acute coronary syndrome has symptoms that resemble much heart conditions.Any moment you see any sign related to heart attack, you should immediately go for a medical checkup. The symptoms may vary from patients to patient in term of age, sex and sedentary lifestyle. Symptoms include:-
· The patient feels Chest pain
- Pain may be felt in upper limb and jaw
- Difficulty in , or labored breathing which can be inspiratory or expiratory nature
- Abdominal pain
- Pain same as to heartburn
- Clammy skin
DIAGNOSIS NAD TREATMENT
A thorough and conclusive diagnosis and hence treatment, is possible when sign and symptoms seen, together with the patient medical history and his/her exposure to various risk factors are look into. It can be confirmed by doing physical test which might include listening with the stethoscope. Other test include: checking for blood pressure and cholesterol level. Checking the heart beat using electrocardiogram. Doing and x-ray to provide the picture the heart and using echocardiogram to check on the blood flow.
Surgery can be performed but this depends on the doctor opnion.
Controlling of the risk factors throughout an individual lifetime is the baet preventative measure. Some the risk factor include: Eating food with high cholesterol level, not exercising regularly, Smoking, obesity e.t.c