Depression a disorder in which a person feels sad, hopeless, irritable, guilty and helpless. It is a mental condition which could affect physically on the body leading to many complications.
CAUSES: One of the major causes is the trauma of having someone lost in your life. Death of a loved one and loss of financial assets are frequently faced trauma by the depressed individuals. Moreover, brain have specialized transmitter substances that transmit information with the body and brain, change in the levels of those neurotransmitters could markedly cause depression. Hormones, substances produced by different glands in the body could also give rise to depression. Apart from these, genetic traits could also make one individual prone to depression.
RISK FACTORS: Depression could easily give rise to suicidal attempts if not considered for a treatment. The person goes on with his pessimistic thoughts in which he thinks he would find solace in death and then he goes for it. Depression is a state of mental illness and with having one’s mind depressed, physical illnesses like blood pressure change, anxiety, kidney problems and GIT problems could arise.
SYMPTOMS: The patient seems ill, sad and looses sleep. His interest in social interaction and se is reduced markedly and apart from loosing physical vigor, he is unable to make decisions about logical phenomenon. The patient might start crying for no apparent reason and his thinking process is slowed down.
TESTS: Blood tests are taken to check the level of hormones such as testosterone, thyroxin, ESR, infection and electrolytes. Cognitive tests are also performed to check the patient of possible psychosis and dementia.
TREATMENT: Social counseling could relieve the depressed patient of trauma of loss. The affected individual is persuaded towards positive aspects of life and prevented from taking things in his life on the negative side. Drugs called as antidepressants such as selective serotonin uptake inhibitors are also advised and electroconvulsive therapy is resorted in extreme cases.
PREVENTION: Abstaining from smoking, alcohol consumption, getting enough sleep, making a strong social collaboration, healthy social interaction, exercise, meditation, musical therapy and healthy diet full of vitamins and minerals could minimize the rate of depression an individual might face in his life.